| New Brunswick is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces, and the only constitutionally bilingual province (French and English) in the country. |
The provincial Department of Finance estimates that the province's population in 2006 was 749,168, the majority of which were English-speaking. However, about 35 percent of the population has Acadian roots, thus speaks French.
New Brunswick lies entirely within the Appalachian Mountain range. The eastern and central parts of the province consist of the New Brunswick Lowland. The Caledonia Highlands and St. Croix Highlands extend along the Bay of Fundy coast and reach elevations of 300 metres. The northwestern part of the province is comprised of the remote and more rugged Miramichi Highlands, Chaleur Uplands and the Notre Dame Mountains.
The province's name comes from the archaic English name of Braunschweig, a city in northern Germany. New Brunswick's capital is Fredericton.
• Fredericton Airport (YFC)
• Moncton International Airport (YQM)
• Saint John Airport (YSJ)
• Bathurst Airport (ZBF)
• Charlo Airport (YCL)
• Chatham Airport (YCH)
• Gagetown Airport (YCX)
• St. Leonard Airport (YSL)
The Princess of Acadia in Saint John connects New Brunswick with Digby, Nova Scotia.
Acadian Lines Bus Service operates throughout the province, connecting most cities and towns with the rest of Canada and the United States.
Via Rail mainly operates in Moncton with destinations to Halifax and Montreal.
• Reversing Falls. Witness the flow of the Saint John River reverse when the Bay of Fundy is at high tide.
• Hopewell Rocks. A group of flowerpot rocks located in the community of Hopewell Cape.
• Mount Carleton. The highest mountain in the Maritimes. Perfect for wilderness lovers.
• Old Sow. With a diameter of 75 metres (250 feet), Old Sow is the largest tidal whirlpool in the western hemisphere. Old Sow is located off the southwestern shore of Deer Island.
• Grand Falls and Gorge.
• World Pond Hockey Championships, Plaster Rock. Canada's oldest pastime is played on dozens of outdoor rinks over the span of four days and attracts players from as far as Australia.
• Fiddles on the Tobique. This annual event features fiddling and canoeing down the beautiful Tobique river.
• Kings Landing Historical Settlement
• The Beaverbrook Art Gallery, Fredericton, 703 Queen Street, (506) 458-2028. Culturally, this is New Brunswick's biggest draw. The gallery blends works from local, national and international artists.
• Crystal Palace Amusement Park, 499 Paul Street, Dieppe, 1-877-856-4386. Fun for the whole family. Crystal Palace is an easy place to spend an afternoon with indoor and outdoor carnival rides and plenty of games to keep you entertained.
• Magnetic Hill Zoo, 1-877-7718. From lions to tigers and bears (oh my!) this could be Atlantic Canada's best zoo. Rates and hours vary by season. No more than $10 (adults), $8.50 (seniors and youth (ages 12-17).
• Magic Mountain Water Park, 1-800-331-WAVE. Atlantic Canada's largest water park features a wave pool and the Kamikaze water slide - a more than 100 feet long and nearly a vertical drop.
• Fundy National Park, near the village of Alma. Fundy National Park is 207 square kilometers of fundy coast, inland forest and waterfalls (20 to be exact). The park also has multiple campgrounds and a 41 km hiking trail. .
• Kouchibouguac National Park. Located along the shores of the Northumberland Strait, Kouchibouguac National Park is home to an abundance of wildlife, beaches and campgrounds.
• Roosevelt Campobello International Park. Former US president Franklin D. Roosevelt used this as his summer retreat from 1921-1936. Located on the southern portion of Campobello island, this was also the island where Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. was born.
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Swallowtail Lighthouse, North Head, New Brunswick
• Bay of Fundy
• Saint John River Valley
• Acadian Coast
• Miramichi River Valley
• Appalachian Range
New Brunswick differs from the other Maritime provinces physically and climatologically. Both Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island are either wholly or nearly surrounded by water and oceanic effects therefore tend to define their climate. Although New Brunswick has a significant seacoast, it is sheltered from the Atlantic Ocean and has a large interior which is removed from oceanic influences. The climate therefore tends to be more continental than maritime. Temperatures can range from 36° Celsius (86° F) during summer to -30° Celsius (-22° F) during winter.
• Saint Thomas University
• University of New Brunswick
• Mount Allison University
• University de Moncton
• Atlantic Bible College
• Bethany Bible College
• University of New Brunswick Saint John
• New Brunswick Bible Institute
• Moncton Flight College
• Moosehead Breweries, Saint John. North America's largest independent brewery.
• Pumphouse Brewery, Moncton. Locally owned and operated brewery and restaurant.
Face etched in stone, New Brunswick, Canada