Nova Scotia -


Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia

Regions

• Cape Breton Island
• Halifax Regional Municipality
• Annapolis Valley
• Cumberland County
• South Shore
• Northumberland Shore

Climate

Nova Scotia lies in the northern temperate zone and, although the province is almost surrounded by water, the climate is continental rather than maritime. The ocean moderates the temperature extremes of the continental climate.

The influence of the sea is not surprising. The province is virtually a peninsula surrounded by seas - the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the north, the Bay of Fundy to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south and east.

Rarely does the temperature exceed 31° C (88° F) or fall below -20° C (-4° F) anywhere in the province. The southwestern and southern shores of Nova Scotia have milder and wetter climates than the rest of the province. Rainfall varies from 1.4 metres (55 inches) in the south, where fog may occur on as many as 90 days, to 1 metre (40 inches) elsewhere.


Halifax Harbor Bridge, Nova Scotia

Education

• Saint Mary's University
• Dalhousie University
• Mount Saint Vincent University
• King's College
• Nova Scotia Community College
• Conseil Scolaire Acadien Provincial
• University de Sainte Anne

Get out

Ferries leave for Newfoundland and Labrador in the north and Maine to the south. New Brunswick and Quebec can be reached in one day's drive from most points in Nova Scotia. Prince Edward Island (PEI) can be reached via Ferry from Caribou Warf near Pictou. 

Quick facts

• Nova Scotia was the first European settlement north of Florida.
• Many refer to Nova Scotian's as "Bluenoses" or "Bluenosers".
• Gaelic is spoken in Nova Scotia more than in Scotland.
• Nova Scotia is home to Canada's only tidal power plant
• The town of Stewiacke is exactly halfway between the equator and north pole
• As of 2007, Nova Scotia was home to 59 automate lighthouses.

 

Nova Scotia (Latin for New Scotland; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh; French: Nouvelle-Ιcosse) is a Canadian province located on Canada's southeastern coast. It is the most populous province in the Maritimes, and its capital, Halifax, is a major economic centre of the region.

Several regions of the Mi'kmaq nation of Mi'gma'gi are visible in Nova Scotia. They once covered all of the Maritimes, as well as parts of Maine, the Gaspι, and Newfoundland. Nova Scotia was home to the Mi'kmaq people when the first European colonists arrived. In 1604, French colonists established the first permanent European settlement north of Florida at Port Royal, founding what would become known as Acadia. The British Empire obtained control of the region between 1713 and 1760, establishing a new capital, Halifax, in 1749.

In 1867 Nova Scotia was one of the founding provinces of the Canadian Confederation, along with New Brunswick, and the Province of Canada, which later became the separate provinces of Quebec and Ontario.

The province's mainland is the Nova Scotia peninsula and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, including numerous bays and estuaries. Cape Breton Island, a large island to the northeast of the Nova Scotia mainland, is also part of the province. Sable Island, a small island notorious for its shipwrecks, is also part of Nova Scotia. It is located approximately 175 km from the province's southern coast.

Nova Scotia is the second smallest province in Canada, with an area of 55,284 km². Its population of 934,405 makes it the fourth least populous province of the country.

Get in

By plane
The recently renamed Robert Stanfield International Airport about 30 miles outside of the city services numerous American, International and domestic locations. The Sydney airport in Cape Breton is also an option but has fewer carriers than Halifax.

By car
Nova Scotia is accessible by the number 104 Trans Canada Highway. The highway connects the province to neighboring New Brunswick with Highway 2. Be prepared to drive at a slower pace than most other places as Nova Scotians take their time.

By train
Via Rail Canada operates its main rail hub in Halifax, Nova Scotia's capital. However, the train does not travel to the southern part of the province.

By ferry
Whether you're coming through Bar Harbor, Maine or traveling to New Brunswick, expect to spend about three hours on a ferry. The high-speed Cat Ferry in Yarmouth goes to Maine while the Princess of Acadia in Digby connects Nova Scotia with Saint John, New Brunswick. 

Marine Atlantic also runs two ferries between Cape Breton and Newfoundland.

Get around

By car
Nova Scotia's highway system is very simple. Starting in Yarmouth, the 101 and 103 Provincial highways pass around the respective shores; the 101 along the western shore through Digby and Windsor; the 103 goes along the eastern shore. Both lead to Halifax and Dartmouth. the Provincial 102 goes to Truro, where you can choose Amherst (and New Brunswick) or New Glasgow via the Trans Canada 104. A ferry to Prince Edward Island is also found at Pictou. The Trans Canada leads all the way to the Canso Causeway, the one way to Cape Breton. The Trans Canada also leads to Sydney and the Newfoundland Ferry at North Sydney. Be aware of road conditions in the winter, especially away from major areas. Special scenic routes are labeled by specific signs, (Cabot Trail, Sunrise Trail, etc.).

Attractions

 • Peggy's Cove Lighthouse, 35 km SW of Halifax on road 333. A picturesque lighthouse that draws thousands of visitors every year sits on a mountain of jagged rocks. The lighthouse is a post office, restaurant and tourist information bureau. Outside Peggy's Cove on the 333 there are plenty of Bed and Breakfasts and restaurants.
 • Swiss-Air Memorial, close to Peggy's Cove on the 333. Remembers those who perished in the tragic plane crash just off the coast of Halifax.
• Cape Breton highlands. From golf, camping, and just plain sightseeing, the beauty of the Cape Breton Highlands cannot be lost or described for that matter.  
 • The Southern Nova Scotia Biosphere, Tobeatic Wilderness Area, and Kejimkujik National Park. Located in the southern half of the province, the biosphere is the largest protected wilderness area in Atlantic Canada.
 • Digby Neck Whale Watching, Digby. The seaside community's world-famous scallops aren't the only thing to try here. Whale watching is an adventure in itself. Don't be surprised if you get sprayed by one, that's how close the boats get. 
 • Alexander Keith’s Brewery Tour, 1496 Lower Water St. (902) 455-1474. Cool off with a pint of Nova Scotia’s legendary India Pale Ale at the historic brewery just off the Halifax waterfront. Guided tours are performed by actors replaying 17th century brewery workers. Ages 19 and up.
 • Halifax International Busker Festival, Halifax Waterfront. Aug 9-19. The week-long festival features the finest street theatre from around the world. The event if free but donations are greatly appreciated.

Museums

 • The Bluenose II, Lunenberg. Take a two-hour harbor cruise on Canada's most famous vessel. Book by reservation, June through September. The ship appears on Canada's dime.
 • Highland Village, Iona, Bras d'Or Lakes Scenic Drive, (902) 725-2272. With 11 buildings in total, the Highland Village is North America's only living-history museum for Gaelic language and culture.
 • Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, 1723 Hollis St. (902) 424-7524. See how Nova Scotia folk artist Maud Lewis lived. Her actual house is on display inside the museum and is just one of many breathtaking exhibits. The museum hosts numerous exhibitions throughout the year, featuring Canadian and international artists. 

National historic sites

 • Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site, Baddeck, (902) 295-3496. E.T. couldn't have phoned home without the invention of this world-famous Canadian. But make note, Mr. Bell had his hand in more inventions than just the telephone.
 • Pier 21 National Historic Site, 1055 Marginal Road at the south end of Barrington St. (902) 425-7770. More than a million immigrants passed through Pier 21 between 1928 and 1971. A touching and emotional tribute to those who sought refuge in Canada is one of the museum's many exhibits.
 • Port Royal National Historic Site, Annapolis. Settled by the French during the 17th-century, the fort has survived numerous English invasions and one major fire.
 • Citadel Hill, Sackville St. (902) 426-5080. Formerly a military fort, the star-shaped structure sits atop Halifax's highest point, giving visitors a great panoramic view of the city and its waterfront.
 • Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site, Louisbourg. Actors dress as townspeople to recreate the 18th-century military fortress' atmosphere. 

Activities

Winter
Unknown to many are the numerous cross-country and downhill ski hills Nova Scotia has to offer. Ski Wentworth, located about an hour northwest of Halifax, is best for snowboarding and advanced skiers. Ski Martock, about 40 minutes southwest of Halifax, is the most popular hill in the province because of its close proximity to Halifax. However, to get the full experience of what Nova Scotia has to offer, it's better to visit during the summer.

Summer
Because of its size to population ratio, Nova Scotia is a haven for campers and outdoor enthusiasts. This is particularly true in the Cape Breton highlands, where campers can enjoy a multitude of outdoor activities, including sport fishing, hiking, mountain biking, kayaking and especially golfing.

Adapted from WikiTravel under the Wiki License


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